Table 1 Summary of climate and CO2 data.

Summary of the climate and CO2 data assigned to bison and mammoth specimens determined by specimen age.

Time
period
AgeClimate data sourceClimate data
resolution
COT
(°C)
Atmospheric CO2 concentration data source
ModernPost-1950 CE1990–2010 observations [Mosier
et al. (25); globalclimatedata.org]
30 arc sec22NOAA measurements from Mauna Loa [Keeling et al.
(58); ftp://aftp.cmdl.noaa.gov/products/trends/co2/co2_annmean_mlo.txt]
Modern1700–1950 CE1901–1950 observations [Mosier
et al. (25); globalclimatedata.org]
30 arc sec18Law Dome record [Francey et al. (56); ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/icecore/antarctica/law/law_co2.txt]
Holocene11,700–300 years BP
(1700 CE; excluding
7000–5000 years BP)
CMIP5 last 1000-year scenario
[IPCC (50)]
16EPICA Dome C composite record [Lüthi et al. (63); ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/icecore/antarctica/epica_domec/edc-co2-2008.txt]
Mid-Holocene7,000–5,000 years BPCMIP5 mid-Holocene scenario
[IPCC (50)]
16EPICA Dome C composite record [Lüthi et al. (63); ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/icecore/antarctica/epica_domec/edc-co2-2008.txt]
LGM29,000–18,000 years BPCMIP5 LGM scenario [IPCC (50)]9EPICA Dome C composite record [Lüthi et al. (63); ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/icecore/antarctica/epica_domec/edc-co2-2008.txt]