Table 3 Socioeconomic effects of MGP solar microgrids.

The SEs are clustered by habitation and are shown in parentheses. “Savings” indicate household savings, measured in rupees per month. “Expenses” are household expenditures, measured in rupees per month. “Business” is a dichotomous indicator that takes a value of 1 if the household head owns a business. “Work time” is the time women spent working per day in hours. “Study” is a dichotomous variable that takes a value of 1 if the respondent or the children use lighting to study. “Phone charging” is the amount spent on phone charging, measured in rupees per week.

SavingsExpensesBusinessWork timeStudyPhone charging
(1)
ITT
(2)
LATE
(3)
ITT
(4)
LATE
(5)
ITT
(6)
LATE
(7)
ITT
(8)
LATE
(9)
ITT
(10)
LATE
(11)
ITT
(12)
LATE
Treatment65.82
(88.96)
224.17
(316.67)
192.81
(174.24)
656.69
(638.43)
−0.01
(0.02)
−0.03
(0.06)
−0.05
(0.21)
−0.18
(0.71)
−0.01
(0.03)
−0.02
(0.10)
0.66
(1.11)
2.55
(4.34)
Household FEYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Wave FEYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Pretreatment mean
for control group
91244550.064.070.618.84
First-stage estimate0.290.290.290.30.290.26
First-stage F statistic10.0110.0110.0110.6510.017.66
Observations382538253825382538253825352935293825382525322532
Number of
households
128112811281128112811281126312631281128111031103