Table 1 Areas of the genome that are highly differentiated in capuchino seedeaters.
ScaffoldChromosomePeak size
(kb)
Highest FST
for 5-kb window
SNPs with
FST > 0.85 (=1)*
Melanogenesis
gene
Function of
melanogenesis gene
Total no. of genes
(known function)
Figure
25220900.83383 (57)ASIPInduces melanocytes to
synthesize pheomelanin
(yellow) instead of
eumelanin (black/brown)
6 (4)Fig. 2
76211350.63178 (22)9 (9)Fig. 3
4121A2050.70113KITLStimulates melanocyte
proliferation
1 (1)Fig. 2
308Unknown1400.65112 (14)4 (4)Fig. 3
4301850.481054 (1)Fig. 3
404Z7650.6092 (5)SLC45A2Transports substances
needed for
melanin synthesis
21 (20)Fig. 2
257 (A)Z5000.5370TYRP1Enzyme important for
melanin biosynthesis
7 (6)Fig. 2
17174300.7870CAMK2DCell communication9 (7)fig. S3
362213850.483744 (17)
257 (B)Z8400.5429MLANAPlays a role in
melanosome biogenesis
28 (20)Fig. 2
56722600.6523 (1)8 (4)
57916700.331316 (13)
19545750.57113 (2)
5915850.3586 (2)
1182250.6173 (2)
257Z2650.39611 (6)
404Z1950.5553 (3)
257Z3700.53423 (10)
7664650.5346 (6)
637Z400.4540
16356300.4631 (1)
257Z450.31216 (15)
263Z5350.342MYO5AActin-based motor
protein involved in
melanosome transport
24 (11)fig. S3
7911500.401TYR or DCT§TYR: Enzyme involved in
converting
tyrosine to melanin
DCT: Regulates
eumelanin and
pheomelanin levels
4 (3)fig. S3
637Z3000.3010

*Scaffolds are ranked from top to bottom by the number of highly divergent SNPs (FST > 0.85).

†Information from DAVID (Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery) (https://david.ncifcrf.gov/) and GeneCards (www.genecards.org).

‡Total of 257 annotations, of which 246 were unique and 11 were predicted more than once. Approximately 63% (156) of the unique annotations matched a record in the UniProt database with a known name and function.

§Annotation predicted on the basis of protein similarity of both TYR and DCT, which are on chromosome 1 in the zebra finch.