Table 1 A comparison of the cycling stability of various LMO-based rechargeable lithium battery systems.

CNT, carbon nanotubes; EC, ethylene carbonate; DMC, dimethyl carbonate; EMC, ethyl-methyl carbonate; Ppy, polypyrrole.

CathodeAnodeElectrolyteCapacity retentionCyclesSafetyReference
LiMn2O4VO2Saturated LiNO3 (aqueous)83%42Good(19)
LiMn2O4TiP2O75 M LiNO3 (aqueous)85%10Good(46)
LiMn2O4LixV2O5/Ppy5 M LiNO3 (aqueous)82%60Good(47)
LiMn2O4/CNT hybridsZn foil2 M Li2SO4 + 1M ZnSO4 (aqueous)68%300Good(32)
LiMn2O4LiTi2(PO4)31 M Li2SO4 (aqueous)82%200Good(48)
LiMn2O4LiV3O82 M Li2SO4 (aqueous)53%100Good(49)
LiMn2O4V2O5Saturated LiNO3 (aqueous)89%100Good(50)
LiMn2O4/CNT hybridsLi foil1 M LiPF6 (EC/DMC/EMC)92%50Poor(51)
LiMn2O4Na2V6O16·0.14H2OSaturated Li2SO4 (aqueous)77%200Good(52)
Porous LiMn2O4 spheresMetallic lithium1 M LiPF6 (EC/DMC)73%1000Poor(53)
AlF3-coated LiMn2OZn foil1 M Li2SO490%100Good(54)
LiMn2O4Zn foilThixotropic gel61%1000Good(55)
LiMn2O4Zn foilPb2+-containing gel75%300Good(56)
LiMn2O4 electrode with RGO films as G-SEIZn foil1 M Li2SO4 + 2M ZnSO4 (aqueous)87%
73% (measured at 60°C)
600
100
GoodThis work