Table 1 Effects of experimental manipulations and other factors on support for service refusal to same-sex couples.

This table uses multivariate logistic regression models to examine the effects of experimental vignette manipulations and other factors on support for business service refusal (1) versus opposition (0). An interaction between the experimental manipulations is not significant and is not included. SEs are in parentheses.

Model 1Model 2Model 3
Experimental manipulations
  Religious reason for refusal−0.061 (0.135)0.003 (0.145)−0.033 (0.152)
  Self-employed photographer1.155*** (0.137)1.312*** (0.149)1.475*** (0.160)
Sociodemographic factors
  Female−0.367** (0.137)−0.438** (0.147)−0.343* (0.154)
  LGB−1.275*** (0.346)−0.814* (0.363)−0.684 (0.378)
  Black−0.631* (0.261)−0.639* (0.282)−0.787** (0.297)
  Latinx−0.227 (0.212)−0.148 (0.225)−0.158 (0.237)
  Other−0.179 (0.257)−0.022 (0.273)0.033 (0.285)
  Age (in decades)0.203*** (0.047)0.171*** (0.051)0.143** (0.054)
  Some college−0.293 (0.168)−0.193 (0.179)0.077 (0.190)
  Bachelor’s degree−0.350 (0.193)−0.313 (0.208)−0.146 (0.221)
  Graduate degree−0.502* (0.219)−0.239 (0.239)0.053 (0.253)
  Married0.129 (0.152)−0.149 (0.164)−0.208 (0.173)
  Children in household0.262 (0.175)0.213 (0.187)0.182 (0.197)
  Northeast−0.591** (0.218)−0.641** (0.234)−0.745** (0.247)
  Midwest−0.550** (0.211)−0.640** (0.226)−0.647** (0.238)
  South−0.171 (0.190)−0.437* (0.206)−0.525* (0.218)
  Metropolitan status−0.514** (0.193)−0.437* (0.206)−0.264 (0.219)
Political and religious factors
  Seven-point scale of political views, conservative higher0.327*** (0.055)0.234*** (0.058)
  Religiously affiliated, non-evangelical0.358 (0.209)0.393 (0.216)
  Religiously affiliated, evangelical1.037*** (0.256)0.805** (0.269)
  Attend religious services weekly0.684*** (0.173)0.396* (0.186)
Marriage views
  Oppose same-sex marriage rights1.654*** (0.183)
Constant−0.299−2.132−2.359
n103310331033
McFadden’s R20.1110.1980.260

*P < 0.05.

**P < 0.01.

***P < 0.001.