Table 2 Top high seas fishing fleets based on retained catch volume, 2002–2011.

Data: Sea Around Us and FishStat (see table S3). Y, yes; N, no; NA, not applicable.

Fishing countryAverage annual
high seas catch
(103 metric tons)
Contribution to
global high seas
catch (%)
High seas fleet
contribution to
total domestic
catch (%)
Prevalence of
severe food
insecurity (% of
population)*
Primary or
secondary
exporter of high
seas species?
High seas species
exported
China71417.05.3<0.5 ± 0.07NNA
Taiwan50312.042.70.8 ± 0.62YSkipjack, albacore,
southern bluefin,
bigeye, yellowfin,
Pacific saury, marlins,
and swordfish
Chile3408.17.43.7 ± 1.22YPatagonian and
Antarctic toothfish
and jack mackerels
Indonesia2776.65.83.3 ± 1.86YFrigate tunas and
kawakawa
Spain2606.217.91.5 ± 1.12YPacific and Atlantic
bluefin and swordfish
South Korea2546.111.90.9 ± 0.82YChub mackerel,
skipjack, bigeye,
squids, and seabream
Japan2315.55.10.6 ± 0.57YAlbacore and Pacific
saury
Ecuador1854.432.38.7 ± 2.50NNA
India1283.03.612.4 ± 2.43YSpanish and king
mackerel
Philippines1192.85.312.0 ± 2.11NNA
Total301171.7

*Values from (46). These estimates were determined using a new method for estimating national food insecurity [FIES (Food Insecurity Experience Scale)] and are for 2014. For reference, the highest rate of severe food insecurity is 63.9% (Liberia) and the lowest is ≤0.5% (Azerbaijan, Bhutan, China, Israel, Switzerland, Sweden, and Thailand).