Table 1 Comparison of biological and optical neuromuscular electronic systems.
Biological systemArtificial system
Sensorimotor neuronPresynaptic membraneGate electrode
Presynaptic potentialGate voltage
Photosensitive proteinPhotodetector
Neuromuscular
junction
Synaptic cleftIon gel electrolyte
NeurotransmitterAnion
Skeletal musclePostsynaptic membraneONW
Postsynaptic potentialDrain current
Muscle fiberPolymer actuator