Table 1 Aerosolization parameters.

Characteristic parameters for sample aerosolization with ES and a GDVN assuming an average droplet occupancy of 1.

Sample
flow rate
Droplet
size
Sample
concentration
Particle rate
ES0.06 μl/min150 nm5 × 1014/ml5.7 × 108/s
GDVN2 μl/min1000 nm2 × 1012/ml0.6 × 108/s