Table 1 Parameters extracted from movement patterns of termites and comparison between sexes and searching schemes.

The sinuosity corresponds to the scale parameter of wrapped Cauchy distributions, covering from 0 (most sinuous) to 1 (straight motion). In statistics, W corresponds to Wilcoxon rank sum test, where parameters were compared between sexes in each scheme and species, while V corresponds to Wilcoxon signed-rank test, where parameters were compared between before pair formation and after separation. P is the P value, and significant results are in bold. M and F indicate male and female, where the numbers in parentheses indicate sample size. The sample size of females in R. speratus is variable between before pair formation and after separation because some individuals only paused during analyzed duration after separation but moved before pair formation.

A. R. speratus
SpeedMean ± SE (mm/s)Wilcoxon rank
sum test
SinuosityMean ± SEWilcoxon rank
sum test
M (19)F (14, 16)WPM (19)F (13, 16)WP
SchemeBefore14.7 ± 0.614.8 ± 0.71540.961Before0.85 ± 0.010.86 ± 0.011890.385
After15.0 ± 0.85.4 ± 0.30<0.0001After0.77 ± 0.010.77 ± 0.061540.461
Wilcoxon
signed-rank
test
V1060V929
P0.6790.0001P0.00010.2734
B. C. formosanus
SpeedMean ± SE (mm/s)Wilcoxon rank
sum test
SinuosityMean ± SEWilcoxon rank sum test
M (22)F (20)WPM (22)F (20)WP
SchemeBefore20.7 ± 1.422.3 ± 0.92790.142Before0.84 ± 0.010.85 ± 0.012740.18
After19.0 ± 1.210.1 ± 1.143<0.0001After0.79 ± 0.010.82 ± 0.013100.0231
Wilcoxon
signed-rank
test
V1040V1535
P0.4826<0.0001P<0.00010.007