Table 1 An overview of the Ashkelon genomes reported in this study.

For each individual, the analysis group is given (ASH_LBA, Ashkelon Late Bronze Age; ASH_IA1, Ashkelon Iron Age 1; ASH_IA2, Ashkelon Iron Age 2). 14C dating results are given in cal BCE in two-sigma range (NA, not available). Detailed dating information is provided in text S1 and table S1. The proportion of human DNA and the mean coverage on 1240 K target sites in the “1240 K” enriched libraries are given. The assigned genetic sex is listed (F, Female; M, Male). Uniparental haplogroups (mt, mitochondrial; Ychr, Y chromosome) are listed.

IDAnalysis
group
Sampled
tissue
Mean
coverage
(fold)
Carbon
date
Archeological
date
Total
sequenced
reads (×106)
Human
DNA (%)
Genetic
sex
mtYchr
ASH029.A0101ASH_LBAPetrous0.141622–1522MBIIC–LBII86.66.9FH66a
ASH033.A0101ASH_LBAPetrous0.111746–1643MBIIC–LBII84.82FN
ASH034.A0101ASH_LBAPetrous0.42NAMBIIC–LBII81.913.7FU3b1a
ASH066.A0101ASH_IA1Petrous0.181371–1129Iron I–Post Ramses III10.511.0MT2c1cJ
ASH067.A0101ASH_IA1Petrous0.171379–1131Iron I–Post Ramses III10.911.2MH92R1
ASH002/3.A0101ASH_IA1Petrous0.081378–1134Iron I–Post Ramses III26.913FI1
ASH068.A0101ASH_IA1Petrous0.271284–1126Iron I–Post Ramses III11.217.6FT1a1
ASH008.A0101ASH_IA2Petrous0.71257–1042Iron IIA126.717.2MH2cBT
ASH087.A0101ASH_IA2Petrous0.22NAIron IIA12.815.6MH4a1cL
ASH135.A0101ASH_IA2Molar0.09NAIron IIA13.33.9FJT