Table 1 Attributes of carbon tax policy.

AttributeValues
1. Cost of carbon tax1. $10 per metric ton ($144 per
year for average consumer)
2. $20 per metric ton ($288 per
year for average consumer)
3. $30 per metric ton ($432 per
year for average consumer)
4. $40 per metric ton ($576 per
year for average consumer)
5. $50 per metric ton ($720 per
year for average consumer)
6. $60 per metric ton ($864 per
year for average consumer)
7. $70 per metric ton ($1008 per
year for average consumer)
2. Energy-intensive products
imported from other countries
1. Fully exempted (pay no carbon
tax)
2. Taxed at half rate (pay only half
of the carbon tax)
3. Taxed equally (pay full carbon
tax)
3. Domestic companies exporting
energy-intensive products to other
countries
1. Fully exempted (pay no carbon
tax)
2. Taxed at half rate (pay only half
of the carbon tax)
3. Taxed equally (pay full carbon
tax)
4. Similar carbon tax introduced by1. No other countries
2. European countries (European Union)
3. China
4. United States
5. India
6. Canada
7. Japan
8. All industrialized countries
9. All developing countries
[Randomly assigned to be seen
by half of the respondents]

5. Additional public revenue, i.e.,
carbon dividends, used for
1. Tax rebate paid to everyone
2. Reduce federal government
deficit
3. Fund renewable energy sources
(e.g., solar, wind, and
geothermal power)
4. Fund infrastructure (e.g.,
railways, roads, and public
transportation)
5. Fund programs for low-income
families
6. Reduce income tax
7. Reduce corporate tax
8. Fund retraining programs for
workers in fossil fuel sector