Table 1 Exciton shifts in different materials under distinct time-dependent perturbations.

MaterialDimensionalityPerturbationTemperatureExciton shiftReference
Zn1−xCdxSeQuantum wellsPulsed light field10 K4 meV(45)
WS2, WSe2MonolayerPulsed light field295 K10–18 meV(38, 39)
CH3NH3PbI3BulkPulsed light field295 K10 meV(40)
GaAs/AlGaAsHeterostructurePulsed strain field1.8 K1 meV(12)
ZnSe/ZnMgSSeQuantum wellsPulsed strain field1.8 K10 meV(13)
CdSeQuantum dotsPulsed strain field295 K<1 meV(14)
Anatase TiO2BulkPulsed strain field295 K30–50 meVThis work