Table 1 Brownian dynamic simulation parameters.

ParameterEquationValueParameterEquationValue
a (nm)*81000Dt (m2/s)82.145 × 10−13
B (a/kT)102.29Dr (rad2/s)§80.161
κ−1 (nm)1050N86, 18, 36, 60, 90
L#10200vmax (m/s)**85 × 10−6
ΔΠ (10−8kT/nm3)††100, 3.8, 5.8, 8.8ΔtC (s)‡‡1 and 20.1

*Particle radii.

†Translational diffusivity.

‡Electrostatic prefactor.

§Rotational diffusivity.

‖Debye length.

¶Swarm size.

#Depletant radius.

**Maximum propulsion speed.

††Osmotic pressure.

‡‡Control update time.