Outcome: Final exam score | Outcome: Average assessment score | Outcome: Student satisfaction | ||||

1a. Unadjusted | 1b. Covariate-adjusted | 2a. Unadjusted | 2b. Covariate-adjusted | 3a. Unadjusted | 3b. Covariate-adjusted | |

Condition = online | 0.589 (2.21) | 1.442 (2.28) | 7.22** (3.06) | 7.19** (2.85) | −5.01** (2.54) | −5.05* (2.69) |

Condition = blended | −1.081 (2.31) | −0.791 (2.35) | 1.28 (3.19) | 0.744 (2.92) | −2.03 (2.69) | −2.48 (2.71) |

Intercept | 52.089*** (2.26) | 53.074*** (2.41) | 70.74*** (3.05) | 74.436*** (2.92) | 64.12*** (2.55) | 63.02*** (2.67) |

University fixed effect | True | True | True | True | True | True |

Addl. covariates | False | True | False | True | False | True |

R^{2} | 14.0% | 18.4% | 57.8% | 68.1% | 19.9% | 29.5% |

****P* < 0.01, ***P* < 0.05, and **P* < 0.1