Table 1 Primary outcomes and college mentorship mediator.

See Measures section of Materials and Methods for greater detail on the individual measures, including citations for established scales.

CompositeIndividual measuresNo. of itemsSample item
Career satisfaction and success
(individual measures standardized
and averaged; α = 0.77)
Job satisfaction (α = 0.89)8“I enjoy going to work.” 1 = strongly disagree;
6 = strongly agree
Workplace belonging uncertainty
(r = 0.52)
2“When something bad happens, I feel that maybe I
don’t belong at my workplace.” 1 = strongly
disagree; 6 = strongly agree
Self-rated percentile success to date1“Using a percentile rank, assess your current level of
success compared with other [school] alumni from your
class.” 0% to 100%
Self-rated percentile potential to
succeed in the future
1“Using a percentile rank, assess your potential,
compared with other [school] alumni from your
class, to succeed in the future.” 0% to 100%
General psychological well-being
(individual measures standardized
and averaged; α = 0.77)
Subjective happiness (α = 0.89)4“In general, I consider myself...” 1 = not a happy
person; 7 = a very happy person
Life satisfaction (α = 0.80)5“In most ways my life is close to my ideal.”
1 = strongly disagree; 7 = strongly agree
Perception of life stress as
overwhelming (α = 0.85)
4“In the last month, how often have you felt that you
were unable to control the important things in your
life?” 1 = never; 5 = very often
Physical health (individual measures
standardized and averaged;
α = 0.71)
Self-reported general health (α = 0.80)5“My health is excellent.” 1 = definitely false;
5 = definitely true
Sick days (reverse coded)1“In the past 3 months, how many days of work or
school did you miss due to illness?” open response:
numeric
Doctor visits (reverse coded)1“In the past 3 months, how many times did you go
to the doctor?” open response: numeric
Community involvement and
leadership
(summed to yield 0 to 16 scale)
Number of areas very involved in (up
to eight)
2“Since [you received your undergraduate degree],
to what extent have you participated in [eight
different types of activities, e.g., sports/games,
cultural/identity organizations, religious,
professional]?”count of activities involved in “a lot”
Number of areas in which a leadership
position was held (up to eight)
“Have you held a leadership position in any of these
activities?” count of activities indicated “yes”
College mentorship (individual
measures standardized and
averaged; α = 0.61)
Had a general mentor during college1“While you were an undergraduate, was there
anyone associated with [school], other than fellow
undergraduates, to whom you could turn for
support, advice, or encouragement when you faced
a problem or difficulty in or out of school?” yes/no
Had an academic mentor during
college
1“While you were an undergraduate, did anyone
associated with [school], other than fellow
undergraduates, take a special interest in you and
your academic development?

yes/no
Whether academic mentorship
continued after college
1After having identified an academic mentor they
had in college, participants were asked: “When did
you receive mentorship from [this college]?”
selected “mentorship continued after graduation”
or did not
Importance of “most meaningful”
college mentorship
1“How important to you was the [most meaningful
mentorship you received during college]?” 1 = not
very important; 5 = extremely important