Table 1 Selected AMPs and anti-Plasmodium peptides for transgenic expression in the genetically modified mosquitoes.

EffectorsCharacterizationParasite stage(s)Function or
mechanism
Expression
method
Inhibition (%)Reference
MelittinBee antimicrobial
peptides
OokineteLysis of parasitesSynthesized100.0%(27)
TP10 dimerWasp antimicrobial
peptides
OokineteLysis of parasitesSynthesized100.0%(2527)
Shiva1Cecropin-like
synthetic peptide
Gametes OokineteLysis of parasitesPara-transgenesis94.3%(27)
EPIP four repeatsEnolase-
plasminogen
interaction peptide
OokineteBlock midgut
invasion
Para-transgenesis97.7%(20)
ScorpineScorpion venomGametogenesis
Ookinete
Cecropin and
defensin-like lytic
peptide
Para-transgenesis97.8%(23)