Table 1 Examples of questions by areas of inquiry.

Situational awarenessCause and effect
• What are the most common
mobility flows within and
between COVID-19–affected
cities and regions?
• What are variables that
determine the success of social
distancing approaches?
• Which areas are spreading the
epidemics acting as origin nodes
in a mobility network and thus
could be placed under mobility
restrictions?
• How do local mobility patterns
affect the burden on the
medical system?
• Are people continuing to travel
or congregate after social
distancing and travel restrictions
were put into place?
• Are business’ social distancing
recommendations resulting in
more workers working from
home?
• Are there hotspots at higher risk
of contamination (due to a
higher level of mobility and
higher concentration of
population)?
• In what sectors are people
working most from home?
• What are the key entry points,
locations, and movements of
roamers or tourists?
• What are the social and
economic consequences of
movement restriction
measures?
Predictive analysisImpact
• How are certain human mobility
patterns likely to affect the
spread of the coronavirus? And
what is the likely spread of
COVID-19, based on existing
disease models and up-to-date
mobility data?
• How have travel restrictions
affected human mobility
behavior and likely disease
transmission?
• What are the likely effects of
mobility restrictions on
children’s education outcomes?
• What is the potential of various
restriction measures to avert
infection cases and save lives?
• What are likely to be the
economic consequences of
restricted mobility for
businesses?
• What is the effect of mandatory
social distancing measures,
including closure of schools?
• How has the dissemination of
public safety information and
voluntary guidance affected
human mobility behavior and
disease spread?