Table 1 Summary of different dynamic meta-holography.

“/” means no related data in the references.

Operation principleMethodsReferencesWorking modeWorking
wavelength (nm)
Frames numberFrame rate (fps)
Active metasurfacesPhase-change
material
(11)Reflection473, 532, and 660No limitation in
theory
/
Stretchable
substrate
(14)Transmission6336/
Chemical reaction(17)Reflection633101/40
Rewriting
metasurface
(13)Transmission405, 532, and 632No limitation in
theory
/
Multiplexed
metasurfaces
Wavelength(30)Transmission380–7807/
(31)Transmission473, 532, and 6333/
Angle(32)Transmission4058/
Polarization(33)Reflection405, 633, and 7803/
(34)Transmission8007/
(35)Transmission5322/
(36)Reflection475–11005/
OAM(37)Transmission6332N (for N-bit
OAM-multiplexing
hologram device)
60
Space channelCurrent work in this
paper
Transmission6332N (for N-bit space
channel
multiplexing
hologram device)
9523