Table 4 FID model summary.

Parameter estimates for the model describing the relationship between FID and the predictor variables.

Population-level effects
EstimateEst. Error1–95% CIU-95% CIRhatBulk_ESSTail_ESS
Intercept0.670.10.470.871.0013,55628,565
VODI−0.040.01−0.07−0.011.0045,43645,243
Engaged0.140.020.10.181.0097,77646,015
Open (Habitat)0.120.020.080.161.0091,77547,949
Ground (Height)0.120.0600.231.00100,35148,107
Number of neighbors−0.080.01−0.09−0.061.0098,90947,398
Neighbor flee first00.05−0.090.091.0094,50045,544
External factors within 5 min0.010.04−0.060.081.0094,48745,998
Unfamiliar observer (AB)−0.140.08−0.30.031.0019,46330,667
Trial number−0.020.01−0.04−0.011.0021,54234,353
Unfamiliar observer (AB): Trial
number
0.020.0100.051.0017,99627,736
Family specific (log-normal)
Sigma0.360.010.340.371.0055,46945,557
Group-level effects
Date (58 levels)
sd(Intercept)0.140.020.110.191.0017,30031,725
Individual identity (69 levels)
sd(Intercept)0.490.050.40.61.0013,78025,841
sd(VODI)0.060.020.020.091.0010,33813,826
sd(ObserverAB)0.180.040.10.261.0017,27616,843
sd(TrialNo)0.01000.021.0011,64313,855
sd(ObserverAB:TrialNo)0.010.0100.021.008,88018,037
cor(Intercept,VODI)0.260.22−0.160.71.0022,51825,743
cor(Intercept,ObserverAB)0.040.2−0.330.441.0034,50635,920
cor(VODI,ObserverAB)0.160.28−0.390.681.0010,04818,984
cor(Intercept,TrialNo)−0.460.25−0.840.151.0043,02829,416
cor(VODI,TrialNo)−0.250.33−0.810.451.0017,51928,304
cor(ObserverAB,TrialNo)−0.390.29−0.860.261.0021,98231,250
cor(Intercept,ObserverAB:TrialNo)−0.120.33−0.730.561.0045,30339,936
cor(VODI,ObserverAB:TrialNo)−0.360.35−0.880.471.0026,56934,646
cor(ObserverAB,ObserverAB:TrialNo)−0.050.37−0.70.691.0031,43941,766
cor(TrialNo,ObserverAB:TrialNo)−0.130.39−0.770.671.0019,03735,675