Table 1 Percentage of first-year students who maintained continuous enrollment through the end of the sophomore year by cohort, student group, and condition.

Continuous
enrollment: End of
second year
Socially
advantaged
students
Socially
disadvantaged
students
Prior cohort (no
intervention;
N = 1984)
81%82%
Randomized cohort,
control condition
(N = 542)
78%77%
Randomized cohort,
treatment condition
(N = 521)
81%88%***
Subsequent cohort (no
intervention;
N = 2110)
79%76%

***P < 0.001, statistically different from untreated socially disadvantaged students in the randomized control condition as well as those in the two campus-wide no-treatment cohorts.