Table 1 Thermodynamic calculation for the selection of components of the LGMCs.

Y, yes; N, no.

Microporous
membranes
Gating liquidTransport
fluid
γAγBγABθAθBΔEIΔEIIStable?
Theo.Exp.
9.2% PVDFPerfluorodecalinDI water72.417.853.995.20−5.330.8Y/NN
11.4% PVDFPerfluorodecalinDI water72.417.853.9126.2067.2103.4YY
13.7% PVDFPerfluorodecalinDI water72.417.853.9133.3081.0117.2YY
15.9% PVDFPerfluorodecalinDI water72.417.853.9127.9070.72106.9YY
18.1% PVDFPerfluorodecalinDI water72.417.853.972.40−62.1−26.0NN
15.9% PVDFKrytox 100DI water72.416.423.6127.9090.2105.4YY
15.9% PVDFKrytox 103DI water72.417.124.9127.9098.6106.2YY
15.9% PVDFSilicone oil 500DI water72.420.237.0127.9092.5109.3YY