Table 2 Moderated mediation results.

Moderated mediation results.. Condition, coded as −0.5 = control, 0.5 = treatment, was the independent variable; ESL status, coded as −0.5 = non-ESL, 0.5 = ESL, was the moderator; anticipated belonging was the mediator; and each academic outcome was the dependent variable. Consistent with previous analyses, ACT scores and cohort, coded as 0 = cohort 1, 1 = cohort 2, were included as covariates. CI, confidence interval.

ESL studentsNon-ESL students
Outcome
variable
Indirect effectDirect effectTotal effectProportion of
total effect
mediated by
indirect effect
Indirect effectDirect effectTotal effectProportion of
total effect
mediated by
indirect effect
Term 1
proportion of
credits
(n = 11,279)
b = 0.001193b = 0.031242b = 0.032435b = 0.035918b = 0.001803b = −0.000660b = 0.001143b = 0.206760
95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI
(0.00038,
0.00223)
(0.01331,
0.04878)
(0.01465,
0.04989)
(0.01140,
0.09307)
(0.00062,
.00302)
(−0.00995,
0.00869)
(−0.00806,
0.01045)
(−5.3093,
6.55635)
P = 0.0032P < 0.001P < 0.001P = 0.004P = 0.002P = 0.896P = 0.825P = 0.825
Term 1 GPA
(n = 10,842)
b = 0.003548b = 0.109542b = 0.113072b = 0.030710b = 0.005293b = −0.009890b = −0.004653b = −0.129269
95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI
(0.00036,
.00757)
(0.03673,
0.18097)
(0.04049,
0.18478)
(0.00235,
0.10483)
(0.00055,
0.01012)
(−0.04760,
0.02804)
(−0.04252,
0.03330)
(−4.58174,
3.99880)
P = 0.029P = 0.004P = 0.003P = 0.032P = 0.028P = 0.617P = 0.822P = 0.824
Year 1
proportion of
credits
(n = 11,905)
b = 0.000907b = 0.022373b = 0.023280b = 0.037870b = 0.00140b = −0.00345b = −0.00206b = −0.21906
95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI95% CI
(0.00022,
0.00176)
(0.00672,
0.03825)
(0.00750,
0.03895)
(0.00879,
0.12439)
(0.00037,
0.00242)
(−0.01151,
0.00464)
(−0.01013,
0.00599)
(−5.8007,
4.57535)
P = 0.004P = 0.005P = 0.003P = 0.007P = 0.007P = 0.408P = 0.627P = 0.628