ESL students | Non-ESL students | |||||||

Outcomevariable | Indirect effect | Direct effect | Total effect | Proportion oftotal effectmediated byindirect effect | Indirect effect | Direct effect | Total effect | Proportion oftotal effectmediated byindirect effect |

Term 1 proportion of credits ( n = 11,279) | b = 0.001193 | b = 0.031242 | b = 0.032435 | b = 0.035918 | b = 0.001803 | b = −0.000660 | b = 0.001143 | b = 0.206760 |

95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | |

(0.00038, 0.00223) | (0.01331, 0.04878) | (0.01465, 0.04989) | (0.01140, 0.09307) | (0.00062, .00302) | (−0.00995, 0.00869) | (−0.00806, 0.01045) | (−5.3093, 6.55635) | |

P = 0.0032 | P < 0.001 | P < 0.001 | P = 0.004 | P = 0.002 | P = 0.896 | P = 0.825 | P = 0.825 | |

Term 1 GPA ( n = 10,842) | b = 0.003548 | b = 0.109542 | b = 0.113072 | b = 0.030710 | b = 0.005293 | b = −0.009890 | b = −0.004653 | b = −0.129269 |

95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | |

(0.00036, .00757) | (0.03673, 0.18097) | (0.04049, 0.18478) | (0.00235, 0.10483) | (0.00055, 0.01012) | (−0.04760, 0.02804) | (−0.04252, 0.03330) | (−4.58174, 3.99880) | |

P = 0.029 | P = 0.004 | P = 0.003 | P = 0.032 | P = 0.028 | P = 0.617 | P = 0.822 | P = 0.824 | |

Year 1 proportion of credits ( n = 11,905) | b = 0.000907 | b = 0.022373 | b = 0.023280 | b = 0.037870 | b = 0.00140 | b = −0.00345 | b = −0.00206 | b = −0.21906 |

95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | 95% CI | |

(0.00022, 0.00176) | (0.00672, 0.03825) | (0.00750, 0.03895) | (0.00879, 0.12439) | (0.00037, 0.00242) | (−0.01151, 0.00464) | (−0.01013, 0.00599) | (−5.8007, 4.57535) | |

P = 0.004 | P = 0.005 | P = 0.003 | P = 0.007 | P = 0.007 | P = 0.408 | P = 0.627 | P = 0.628 |