Table 2 List of independent and dependent variables across experiments.

Interventions received by
Treatment groupControl group
Student perspectiveJournal writing
Student growthTechnology-engagement
Relationship growthRelationship-fixed
Student races studied
Black (i.e., named Darnell or DeShawn)
White (i.e., named Greg)
Hypothesized outcomes
Feeling troubled by student’s conduct↓
Discipline severity↓
Troublemaker labeling↓
Pattern prediction↓
Strength of relationship with student↑
Predicting student will be suspended in the future↓
Feeling personal responsibility for student’s conduct↑