Temperature signal: A change in photosynthesis or respiration solely
attributable to changes in temperature, i.e., the signal excludes other
climatic effects such as water availability and sunlight.
Tipping point: This denotes the temperature threshold at which the
global land surface will switch from a carbon sink to a carbon source
when—due solely to temperature—photosynthesis is in exponential
decline while respiration is in exponential increase.
Thermal maxima: The thermal maximum (Tmax) represents the peak of
the temperature dependence curve where any additional increase in
temperature will decrease the metabolic rate of either photosynthesis
or respiration.
Warmest Quarter: Mean temperature of warmest quarter (3-month