Table 1 Description of household survey data samples used in the analysis.

Country and COVID eventsProjectsHouseholdsSurvey dates
Bangladesh
First case: March 8
Total cases (July 1): 149,258
Schools closed: March 17–August 6
Lockdown: March 26–May 30
BGD1. Rural sample: Rural households in villages participating in a
project that aimed to increase access to the justice system
2229May 2–12
BGD2. Rohingya refugees from Myanmar: Refugee camp households in
Cox’s Bazar district reported in (35)
367April 11–17
BGD3. Communities living near refugee camps: Host community
households in Cox’s Bazar district
532April 11–17
BGD4. Participants in a lottery for agricultural work permits in Malaysia:
Applicants for a temporary work program in 2013 in Chittagong and
Dhaka Divisions
2936April 16–20
BGD5. Landless Rural Agricultural Laborers: Landless agricultural
households in Northern Bangladesh first reported in (36, 37)
294May 31–June 2
Burkina Faso
First case: March 9
Total cases (July 1): 962
Schools closed: March 26
Lockdown: March 21
BFA1. National sample (RECOVR): All adults with mobile phone numbers1357June 6–26
Colombia
First case: March 6
Total cases (July 1): 95,043
Schools closed: March 24
Lockdown: March 24–July 1
COL1. National sample (RECOVR): All adults with mobile phone numbers1507May 8–15
Ghana
First case: March 12
Total cases (July 1): 17,741
Schools closed: March 17–August 6
Lockdown: March 16–July 31
GHA1. National sample (RECOVR): All adults with mobile phone
numbers
1633May 6–22
Kenya
First case: March 13
Total cases (July 1): 6366
Schools closed: March 20
Curfew: March 27
KEN1. Rural households in NGO cash transfer study: Households across
653 rural villages in NGO cash transfer study in Siaya County
8572April 11–June 27
KEN2. UNHCR refugees: All refugees and Shona stateless population
with mobile phone numbers in Kenya
1332May 14–July 3
KEN3. Combined national sample: Phone numbers from the Kenya
Integrated Household Budget Survey 2015/6 and all adults with mobile
phone numbers
4052May 14–July 3
Nepal
First case: January 23
Total cases (July 1): 13,564
Schools closed: March 19
Lockdown: March 24+
NPL1. Agricultural households in western Terai: Rural households in the
bottom half of the wealth in Kailali and Kanchanpur districts
1945April 1–29
Philippines
First case: January 30
Total cases (July 1): 37,514
Schools closed: March 17+
Lockdown: March 15+
PHL1. National sample (RECOVR): All adults with mobile phone numbers1389June 18–July 2
Rwanda
First case: March 14
Total cases (July 1): 1205
Schools closed: March 16
Lockdown: March 21–April 1
RWA1. National sample (RECOVR): All adults with mobile phone
numbers
1482June 4–12
Sierra Leone
First case: March 31
Total cases (July 1): 1462
Schools closed: March 31
Lockdown: April 5–7, May 3–5
SLE1. Candidate towns for rural electrification: Rural households taking
part in an electrification program that installs solar mini-grids, described
in (38)
2439April 30–July 11
SLE2. National sample (RECOVR): All adults with mobile phone numbers1304May 27–June 15