Table 11 Comparison of estimates of annual deforested areas (in million hectares per year) from previous studies and our study, over the tropical belt, over the three continents and Brazil.

SourceGFC (24)Sample-
based (32)
FAO national
statistics (31)
PRODES-
INPE (30)
This study
Forest extentWhole TMF
(undisturbed
and degraded)
Primary
forest from
INPE
Natural
forest*
All tropical
forests
(evergreen and
deciduous)
Primary
forest
Whole TMFTMF
excluding
the tree
plantations
Primary
forest from
INPE
Pantropical
region
2001–20104.677.247.72
2001–20124.806.5 ± 0.77.196.44
2001–20155.076.666.95
2001–20195.796.66
Africa2001–20120.731.21 ± 0.41.601.57
2001–20191.281.64
Latin America2001–20122.193.7 ± 0.53.253.19
2001–20192.412.93
Asia-Oceania2001–20121.891.6 ± 0.42.341.67
2001–20192.102.09
Brazil2001–20101.611.351.652.551.57
2001–20121.541.262.1 ± 0.31.472.322.271.42
2010–20191.641.340.671.631.04
2001–20191.641.351.192.101.31

*Evergreen and deciduous, excluding manage forests (e.g., tree plantations).